Limiting gradient is the maximum gradient steeper than rulling gradient,which may be used in restricted length ,where providing rulling gradient is not possible.Limiting gradient is done in the economical point of view.

Exceptional gradient is steeper than the limiting gradient,whcih may be used only in exceptional situations

A minimum gradient is done in the longitudinal direction of the road for the drainage purpose.There should be a minimum gradient in the drainage for the flowing of water.

When a vehicle is moving through a horizontal curve.If there is gradient also,the tractive resistance is more because the final resistance is due to the gradient and the curve.So in order to compensate the resistance due to the curve,the gradient of the road is reduced to some amount in the curve.This is called grade compensation

The main advantage is to overcome the tractive resistance due to the curve. Thus grade compensation can be defined as the reduction in gradient at the horizontal curve because of the additional tractive force required due to curve resistance

The value for grade compensation is

1. 30+R /R %
2. 75/R %

Compute the minimum value out of two and that is value for grade compensation